Charcot foot commonly affects the tarso metatarsal, tarsal joints and metatarsal, which are located in the forefoot and midfoot. In 1963, William Jordan also described similar pattern for Charcot joint disease as a complication of diabetic neuropathy, and diabetes is now recognized to be the most common cause of the condition worldwide. It may also occur with several other diseases that affect the sensory nervous system (alcoholism, leprosy, syphilis, Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease to name a few). It is estimated that 1 out of 700 patients with diabetes will develop Charcot joint. Other diseases that present in a similar fashion as Charcot include rheumatoid arthritis and gout. In addition to that, checking your feet using a mirror is a must especially if you have sensory neuropathy. By doing so, you will be able to know if you developed chaffing in your feet , which can develop in to blisters then in to foot ulcers. If you are cutting toenails, never cut down in to corners as this can cause an ingrown toenail to develop. Instead, try cutting the toenails straight across. If you are unsure on how to properly cut your toenails, you should consult a podiatrist. Within 5 years following an initial amputation, up to 51% of diabetic amputees have undergone a second leg amputation. 26 Diabetes can lead to poor circulation which will cause a decrease in the blood flow to the lower legs and feet. This can cause nerve damage which results in pain and numbness. Many times, diabetics will suffer an injury to their feet and not even know it until it's too late. Because of the poor circulation, healing is slower than it is for a person who does not have diabetes. Medicare and some insurance will cover foot and nail care for diabetics. These insurance plans will also cover special footwear if a doctor deems it medically necessary. Be sure and talk to your doctor about both of these needs. Care - keep skin clean using mild cleansers but don't scrub roughly; limit the number of products used on your face at one time; always test products on a small area of skin before use; steer clear of products that contain benzoyl peroxide, propylene glycol or salicylic acid Special Considerations - sensitive skin isn't as effective a barrier from external substances, so you'll need to be more vigilant in avoiding exposure to the sun and chemicals Care - keeping dry, aging skin moist is important; wash gently with warm water and mild cleansers' then slather on moisturizers immediately while your skin is still wet Arthritis is one of the fastest growing causes of disability in the United States. Individuals have less time to focus on their health which results in some serious issues regarding the foot. There are a number of diseases which also affects the foot such as diabetes have been observed to be the second most important diseases affecting the foot. Most of the times the Arthritis pain is very extreme and causes complete disability in the movement of the foot and ankle. The most common types of Arthritis and non-surgical precautions for Arthritis pain in the foot are given below. To ensure that your feet and legs are taken care of, always wash in warm water. Do not use hot water, as it may cause complication. Make sure that the diabetic sufferer feet are always well taken care of and clean off all dirt. Do not soak the diabetic feet in water. Just rinsing it should be sufficient. Thereafter, dry the feet thoroughly especially in-between the toes. Failure to take care of the space in-between the toes could possibly lead to bacteria breeding and that may result in infection if it is not clean properly.